DIY How To

Tiling Floors

Floor tiles have become ever more popular as home owners look for alternatives to carpets and wooden flooring. Bathroom and kitchen floors are particularly popular for their cleanliness and attractive designs.

Laying Floor Tiles

Planning how to set the tiles out is a crucial part of tiling. The tile joints should run parallel with the main feature of the room, when viewed from the main doorway. Also uneven sized tiles around the edges should be avoided otherwise the room will look unbalanced.

Always start tiling in a corner and work back towards the main door, once you have found the best fit, place a whole tile into the corner and draw around the two outside edges. Use a straight edge to extend the two marking lines, then check that they are at 90° using the 3,4,5, rule.

TipIf you are tiling on suspended floors, use a flexible floor tile adhesive which is especially designed for wooden floors.

How to check a 90deg corner To check a corner is 90° there is a rule that says if you measure 3 units along one wall and make a mark, then 4 units along the other wall and make a mark, the distance between the two marks should be 5 units. If the distance between the two marks is more than 5 then the angle is greater than 90° and if the distance is less than 5 the angle is less than 90°
Units can be any form of measure eg. Metres, Feet.
Position battens When you have checked that the markings are at 90° you also need to check that the batten running towards the main door is parallel with the main feature in the room. When you are happy with the start position secure two battens to the floor along the outside of the markings.
Spread adhesive Use a notched spreader to spread approx. 1sq metre of floor tile adhesive in the corner formed by the battens.
Lay tiles Place the first tile in the corner and butt it up against the battens, push it firmly into the adhesive, if the adhesive squeezes up over the edges you are pressing too hard. Lay the next tile making sure it is square to the first, use plastic tile spacers to keep the joints apart, (use the same size spacers that were used to mark out the tile gauge).
Check tiles are level When you have about 9 tiles laid, use a straight edge to check that the edge of the tiles are straight and that all the tiles are level before spreading more adhesive. Check the level again after laying a few more tiles to make sure that both areas match up. When all the whole tiles are laid allow the adhesive to dry.
Mark edge tiles Once all the adhesive is dry, measure and mark the tiles for around the edges. Measure each tile individually using a whole tile, turn the tile upside down and mark the back, then transfer this to the face of the tile before cutting, this ensures that the tile will follow the profile of the outer wall and also that the cut edge of the tile will be against the wall.
Apply adhesive Apply the adhesive to the back of the individual tiles with a notched spreader. This prevents the adhesive drying while you are measuring and cutting the individual tiles.
Lay edge tiles Place the tiles in position with the cut edge against the outer wall and press firmly into place. Use a straight edge to check that they are level with the whole tiles. If they are not level either remove some of the excess adhesive or apply a blob of adhesive where required.
Disclaimer | Site Map | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Advertising | © DIY How To